ΑΙhub.org
 

Preparing for emergency response with partial network information

by
15 December 2020



share this:

By Kristen Perez, Machine Learning Center at Georgia Tech and School of Computational Science and Engineering.

Natural disasters cause considerable economic damage, loss of life, and network disruptions each year. As emergency response and infrastructure systems are interdependent and interconnected, quick assessment and repair in the event of disruption is critical.

School of Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) Associate Professor B. Aditya Prakash is leading a collaborative effort with researchers from Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Oklahoma, University of Iowa, and University of Virginia to determine the state of an infrastructure network during such a disruption. Prakash’s group has also been collaborating closely with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory on such problems in critical infrastructure networks.

However, according to Prakash, quickly determining which infrastructure components are damaged in the event of a disaster is not easily done after a disruption.

“If there is a disruption caused by an earthquake or hurricane and some things go down in the power grid, critical infrastructure system, transportation network, or the energy distribution network, how do you figure out what things have failed?” asked Prakash.

“The big problem in figuring out what has gone wrong is that all of these networks are highly decentralized and spread out. Usually there will be no central command or ‘oracle’ that immediately knows perfectly what is out, what is on, what is fine, and what is not.”

Given these networks’ decentralized organization and sparse installation of real-time monitoring systems, only a partial observation of the network is typically available after a disaster.

By using connectivity queries to map network states,­ Prakash’s team outlines in their recent paper how to determine the damage of an entire network from the portion of observable and operational nodes.

The team aims to infer failed network components by examining two-node characteristics: The partial information available from reachable nodes and a small sample of point probes which are typically more practical to obtain in a failure.

Modeling their research on real utility network data gathered by the University of Oklahoma, Prakash’s team proposes using an information-theoretic formulation called the minimum description length (MDL) principle. This is the notion that the best way to describe any data is the shortest one. Hence the researchers try to find those failed components, particularly the critical ones affecting overall system performance, which contain enough information to effectively minimize the MDL cost.

Alexander Rodriguez, a CSE Ph.D. student and lead author, presented the findings of this research this week at the 2020 Neural Processing and Information Systems (NeurIPS) conference as part of the Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response.



tags: ,


Machine Learning Center at Georgia Tech




            AIhub is supported by:


Related posts :



DataLike: Interview with Wuraola Oyewusi

Ndane and Isabella talk to Wuraola Oyewusi about challenging and rewarding aspects of research and how her background in pharmacy has helped her data and AI career

European Union AI Act receives final approval

On 21 May, the Council of the EU formally signed off the artificial intelligence Act.
22 May 2024, by

#ICLR2024 invited talk: Priya Donti on why your work matters for climate more than you think

How is AI research related to climate, and how can the AI community better align their work with climate change-related goals?
21 May 2024, by

Congratulations to the #ICRA2024 best paper winners

The winners and finalists in the different categories have been announced.
20 May 2024, by

Trotting robots offer insights into animal gait transitions

A four-legged robot trained with machine learning has learned to avoid falls by spontaneously switching between walking, trotting, and pronking
17 May 2024, by

Machine learning enhances monitoring of threatened marbled murrelet

CNN analysis of data gathered by acoustic recording devices is a promising new tool for monitoring secretive species.
16 May 2024, by




AIhub is supported by:






©2024 - Association for the Understanding of Artificial Intelligence


 












©2021 - ROBOTS Association